Siamese

cats

Siamese are affectionate and intelligent companions, renowned for their social nature and are sometimes described as “extroverts”.

As there are extrovert Siamese, there also are some that have very sensitive and nervous temperaments. Those individuals may not easily adapt to the changes of environment or to strangers. They do have a great need for human companionship. Often they bond strongly to a single person.

Most Siamese like to have other sociable cats for company and do not thrive as only cats owned by people who are gone much of the day. These cats are typically active and playful, even as adults and will enjoy to play a game of fetch. 

To a Siamese, trousers and curtains alike make great scratch posts and they can scale both in the blink of an eye!

In Thailand, where they originate from, they are called Wichien-maat (a name meaning “Moon diamond”) and were regarded as royalty (some say they have never forgotten this!). 

In early Siamese, cross-eyes and kinked tails were common, although this has been mostly eradicated by modern breeding efforts. 

The story behind this trait is that Siamese palace and temple cats helped guard precious treasure. So diligent were they that their eyes became crossed from staring at the objects they were guarding. Their kinked tails came about when a Princess put her rings on a cat’s tail while she bathed. The cat knotted its tail round the rings for extra security hence the kinked tails of early Siamese cats.

In the twentieth century the Siamese cat became one of the most instantly recognisable and popular breeds in Europe and North America. 

In the 1950s – 1960s, as the Siamese was increasing in popularity, many breeders and cat show judges began to favor a more slender look and as a result of generations of selective breeding, created increasingly long, fine-boned, narrow-headed cats; eventually the modern show Siamese was bred to be extremely elongated, with thin, tubular bodies, long, slender legs, a very long, very thin tail that tapers gradually into a point and long, narrow, wedge-shaped heads topped by extremely large, wide-set ears.

The major cat organisations altered language and/or interpretation of their official breed standards to favor this newer streamlined type of Siamese, and the minority of breeders who stayed with the original style found that their cats were no longer competitive in the show ring.

The Siamese is characterized by its typical pointed color scheme.  the basic colours are seal point, blue point, chocolate point, lilac point, red point and cream point. 

More recent additions include the colours cinnamon, fawn, caramel & apricot although their gene pool is still very small. 

From here the points can be solid, tortie or tabby pointed or if white is added, bi-colour.

Info from  http://minkiliu.weebly.com/that-darn-cat.html